Childhood illnesses

Asthmatic children

Asthmatic children

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Asthma is a common childhood disease, recognized by shortness of breath with prolonged, wheezing. Bronchial asthma is defined as a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways.

I know characterized by a variable and reversible bronchial obstruction that presents an increased response of the airway to a wide variety of stimuli: allergens, drugs, exercise, cold air, laughter, crying or smoke. It is the most common serious chronic disease in childhood.

Childhood asthma is a disorder that presents episodes of attacks that are interspersed with asymptomatic periods. It is characterized by inflammation of the airways (bronchi) and as a response it produces an increase in bronchial sensitivity and causes obstruction.

On many occasions, its origin is allergic and produces an increase in secretions and contraction of the bronchial muscles.

Asthmatic children also experience an increase in bronchial excitability when exposed to various stimuli such as tobacco smoke, gases, odors, cold air, exercise, laughter, coughing, or crying.

In this case, the bronchi of asthmatics contract in an exaggerated way, producing a narrowing of the airway. The obstruction of the bronchi can be variable and is reversible.

At the time of seizures, the air circulates with difficulty, producing the classic whistling or wheezing, especially when expelling the air with a sensation of shortness of breath, fatigue or a feeling of suffocation and with shortness of breath.

When the crisis has resolved, the air can return to circulate normally through the bronchi, disappearing the symptoms, although the inflammation may persist.

Parents are often frightened when an asthmatic child is anxious and pale, and is breathing heavily and noisily. Asthma is characterized by the intensity of the cough, whose respiratory effort ends up affecting the respiratory muscles.

For this reason, sinking of the sternum and intercostal spaces, nasal flaring and movements of the neck muscles, as well as a tight chest, are observed. short of breath and wheezing when breathing.

He asthma is the most common respiratory disease in children. Although it can appear at any age, it is more common in the first five years of life and affects males more.

25 percent of asthma cases are detected in the first year. In Spain, it is estimated that there are one million asthmatic children and that this disease affects, according to these studies, 10 percent of our population. The development of bronchial asthma in childhood depends on the following risk factors:

  1. Family history of allergy.
  2. Suffering from atopic dermatitis and / or allergic rhinitis.
  3. Permanent exposure to indoor allergens, such as pet skin or dust mites.
  4. Early abandonment of breastfeeding.
  5. Repeated viral infections during early childhood.
  6. Passive exposure to tobacco smoke, especially when the mother is the smoker.

Although asthma is a chronic disease, it does not have to be a disorder that progressively weakens affected children, because with the necessary safety measures and the corresponding medication, asthmatic children can lead a normal life.

You can read more articles similar to Asthmatic children, in the category of Children's Diseases on site.

Video: Asthma and Your Child (June 2022).


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