Many children with Attention Deficit and / or Hyperactivity Disorder suffer not only the consequences of the disorder in their day-to-day lives, but also suffer from the ignorance that is still present about the disorder today. It is this ignorance that has led to the construction of different myths about ADHD that must be dismantled as soon as possible for the sake of the children.
It is not easy being a child with ADHD or ADD, since there are many who seem not to be able to understand how they feel. It is our obligation as adults to begin to banish some of the false beliefs that make ADHD a still unknown disorder.
ADHD has important consequences and repercussions on the development of children, so it is very important that people who interact with children with ADHD (whether they are educators, families, teachers or coaches) know what the disorder is like and how it affects their lives. And is that this disorder affects all areas of children's development, not only academic, but also affective and emotional. It affects self-esteem, self-concept, social relationships, etc. so we must banish myths, to make sure we give the best care to these children.
Some of these false beliefs are:
1. The child with ADHD misbehaves because he wants to, because he does not want to respect the rules.
Although it is true that ADHD can occur along with other conduct disorders, the child with ADHD does not have to have a conduct disorder. Happens that it costs much more to plan the behavior and tends to act impulsively. That is why individualized and expert work is essential to help the child with ADHD to improve their impulsive behaviors.
It is essential that people who work and live with children with ADHD, especially at school and at home, know all the details of the disorder and how it affects the lives of children who present it, so that they work and interact with them properly. Ignorance about the disorder is often which triggers problems in the child's behavior. Thinking that he misbehaves because he wants to, is an idea that must be completely discarded.
2. ADHD is made, it is not born. Children with ADHD are children without rules or limits at home.
It is sometimes thought that most children with ADHD are actually children with no rules or boundaries at home. It is totally false. ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can affect the setting of norms and limits at home. Therefore, it has nothing to do with overly permissive parents who let their children do what they want.
Family and social factors may compound the problems, but they are not the cause of ADHD at all.
3. ADHD medication leaves children "groggy", changes them
In many cases, medication is not necessary, but when it is, it does not affect the child's personality at all, remains the same but it is easier to focus on certain tasks, such as study or classes. Medical treatment should not be given alone, but in combination with psychoeducation, school adjustments and family counseling.
4. Once medicated, the child does not need other types of treatments / supports / adaptations
Medication helps, but it is not the solution to the problem, that is, it does not cure ADHD, therefore a child with ADHD who takes medication is still a child with ADHD who needs the same adaptations and supports in the classroom.
5. He does not attend or pay attention because he does not want to, because for his games and what he likes he does focus.
The child with ADHD is inattentive because his brain has difficulty focusing on the important stimulus. You don't know what you have to attend to, so it is necessary to help you focus on what is important. On the other hand, their sustained attention span is deficient, so gets tired and disconnects soon.
However, when you watch TV, play your video games, or play your favorite games, you may be paying full attention. And it is that the motivational factor is fundamental. If the game motivates them and the stimulus is conspicuous, it is much easier for them to focus their attention, although they can still tire and leave it.
6. He can watch an entire movie, so he doesn't have ADHD
This false belief is related to the previous one. It's often said that if you can watch an entire movie, you don't have ADHD, which is another myth, since it's easier to focus on a stimulus when there are no other distractions.
7. ADHD is cured
ADHD has a neurobiological origin, and no, it cannot be cured. The ADHD child will be an ADHD adult. What happens is that the adult has tools and resources to face the "consequences" that this disorder has in their day to day, let's say they have learned to live with it. But it is not cured, IT IS.
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